The quokka (Setonix brachyurus) is a small marsupial found in Australia. It is the only member of the genus Setonix. These animals are unique for several reasons: they are one of the few species that can smile, and they are the only mammal that can store water in their … [Read more...]
Animals in Australia
Australia is a country located in the Southern Hemisphere comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. The country is divided into six states—New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, and Western Australia—and two territories—the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory.
Australia is the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The neighboring countries are Indonesia, East Timor, and Papua New Guinea to the north; the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, and New Caledonia to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east.
The Australian mainland is divided into two major land regions: the low-lying, arid interior of the continent known as the Outback, and the eastern coastal region comprising fertile plains, rainforests, and mountains. The Australian Alps, located in the southeast of the country, are the highest peak in Australia.
The economy of Australia is one of the largest mixed market economies in the world, with a GDP of US$1.69 trillion as of 2016. The country was ranked as the world's second-largest economy behind the United States by nominal GDP and third-largest economy by PPP in 2015. Australia is a member of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and the G20, and has the world's thirteenth-largest banking system and fifteenth-largest stock market.
Australia has a high Human Development Index of 0.955, ranking fourth in the world. The country ranks highly in quality of life, education, economic freedom, and civil liberties and political rights. Australia is a constitutional monarchy with a federal parliamentary democracy. Queen Elizabeth II is the head of state, represented by a governor-general. The prime minister is the head of government and is appointed by the governor-general on the advice of the parliament.
Australia has a population of 24 million as of 2016, and its capital city is Canberra. The country's largest city is Sydney. Other major cities include Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, and Adelaide.
Indigenous Australians are the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people of Australia, who are believed to have arrived on the continent 50,000 to 60,000 years ago.
Australia is a multicultural society and has a diverse population including Greeks, Italians, Chinese, Indians, Lebanese, and Vietnamese. The country's official language is English, but more than 200 languages are spoken. The predominant religion is Christianity, followed by Islam and Buddhism.
Australia is a popular tourist destination, with over 31 million international tourists visiting the country in 2016. The most popular destinations are Sydney, Melbourne, the Gold Coast, Cairns, and Perth.
Four out of five animals that live in Australia can only be found there.
Among the animal species that can only be found in Australia are the monotremes, which are mammals that lay eggs! The platypus and two species of echidna are the world's only egg-laying mammals, so called monotremes.
Australia has almost 400 mammal species and about 140 species of marsupials. Marsupials are animals that carry their young in their pouches.
Half of the birds that live in Australia, can only be found there. Among the typical Australian bird species are the kookaburras and the emu.
A number of dangerous spiders call Australia home.
Cassowaries are amongst the most ancient birds on earth. They belong to the Ratite Family like the Emu, Ostrich, Rhea and Kiwi. They are fruit-eating (frugivore) animals that disperse over a hundred species of rainforest trees and vines. Therefore, this "Rainforest gardener" … [Read more...]
The echidna is best known for its amazing biology. Like the platypus, this unusual mammal lays eggs and suckles its young.The echidna and platypus are the only members of a primitive group of mammals known as monotremes. Echidnas are toothless and feed almost exclusively on … [Read more...]
Slug, also known as land slug, is a common name used for any terrestrial gastropod mollusk that doesn’t have a shell, has just a small internal shell, or a very reduced shell. Slugs have soft bodies, which is actually just one big muscle in the stomach area that can be used for … [Read more...]
Gulls, known colloquially as seagulls, belong to the seabird family Laridae. There are 10 genera of gulls, and they are most closely related to the terns (family Sternidae) and only distantly related to auks, skimmers and even more distantly to waders.Gull have a worldwide … [Read more...]
The bull shark (Carcharhinus leucas) is a species of shark found worldwide in warm, shallow waters along coasts and in rivers. This shark lives in both salt and fresh water, less than 100 feet (30 m) deep. They belong to the family Carcharhinidae, the requiem sharks, and the … [Read more...]
Green caterpillars can be found all over the place — all over the world, and even in your garden! These little creatures often have a knack for hiding in your plants and vegetables, and can often cause destruction by munching their way through them, before they turn into … [Read more...]
Herons are long-legged and long-necked birds in the family Ardeidae. There are at least 64 species, although some of which are referred to as egrets or bitterns rather than herons. They are split into three subfamilies — Tigriornithinae, Botaurinae and Ardeinae.Herons are often … [Read more...]
Camel crickets belong to the family Rhaphidophoridae of the suborder Ensifera and the order Orthoptera, which contains grasshoppers, locusts, and crickets. Rhaphidophoridae, also known as cave wētā, cave crickets, camelback crickets, spider crickets (sometimes shortened to … [Read more...]
The numbat (Myrmecobius fasciatus), also known as the noombat or walpurti is a marsupial belonging to the Myrmecobiidae and the genus Myrmecobius. The numbat was once widespread across southern Australia, but is now restricted to several small colonies in Western Australia. This … [Read more...]